Report of the Waitangi Tribunal on the Te Reo Māori Claim
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Te Reo Maori Claim
2 Record Of Hearing
People And Parties Involved
2. THE RECORD OF HEARING
The claim was lodged by Huirangi Waikerepuru and Nga Kaiwhakapumau i te Reo (Inc) asking that the Maori language receive official recognition. It was proposed that the language be official for all purposes enabling its use as of right in Parliament, the Courts, Government Departments, local authorities and public bodies. Over seventy recommendations were sought to achieve that purpose, concentrating in particular on broadcasting, education, health and the Public Service.
Public notice of the claim was given in the New Zealand Times, 2 and 16 June 1985, 15 and 29 September 1985, Auckland Star, Dominion, Evening Post 1 and 15 June 1985 and the New Zealand Herald 5 and 15 June 1985. It was given again in all those publications on 14 and 28 September 1985.
Individual notices of the claim were sent to:
The Prime Minister
Minister and Secretary of Justice
Minister and Director-General, Education
Minister of Broadcasting
Secretary, Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand
Chairman, Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand
Minister and Secretary of Energy
Director-General of Forests
Director-General of Lands
Director-General of Agriculture and Fisheries
Director-General, Housing Corporation of New Zealand
Director-General, New Zealand Post Office
Director-General, Scientific and Industrial Research
Secretary, Department of Internal Affairs
Principal Private Secretary, Parliament Buildings
Secretary of Defence
Secretary, Foreign Affairs
Secretary, Department of Labour
Secretary, Trade and Industry
Clerk of House of Representatives
Commissioner of Police
Minister and Director-General, Department of Health
Commissioner for the Environment
Commissioner of Works and Development
Commissioner of Inland Revenue
Comptroller of Customs
Managing Director, Accident Compensation Corporation
General Manager, Tourist and Publicity
Managing Director of Government Life
Chairman, State Services Commission
General Manager, Railways Corporation
Director Planning and Development, Department of Justice
Secretary, New Zealand Combined Education Association
Dr Richard Benton, New Zealand Council for Educational Research
New Zealand Labour Party
New Zealand Law Society
Messrs Brandon Brookfield Towle and Beyer
Messrs Daniel Overton and Goulding
Mr P J Downey and Mr G Rowe, Broadcasting Corporation
Office Solicitor, Department of Maori Affairs
International Commission of Jurists
New Zealand Maori Council
Nga Puna Waihanga
Mr P J H Southern
Mr Hugh Young
Mr H P Richardson
Dr D V Williams
Ms Carol Greensmith, Radio New Zealand
Chief Reporter, Evening Post
Chief Reporter, Dominion
New Zealand Times
The claim was heard at Waiwhetu Marae, Lower Hutt
(a) on 24 to 28 June 1985 for the purpose of hearing the claimants and defining the issues, and
(b) on 8 to 12 October 1985,
and at Te Herenga Waka Marae, Victoria University of Wellington.
(c) On 19 to 28 November 1985 for the purpose of hearing response to those issues and final submissions.
Most of the Maori claimants (and some of the non-Maori supporters) addressed us in Maori. The interpreter followed the marae protocol of not interrupting a speaker so that translations were given at the end of each address. We recognise the skills of the interpreter, Miria Simpson and Ngati Awa and we wish to acknowledge the considerable assistance she gave us.
The Tribunal was welcomed by the elders of the Waiwhetu Marae, before the formal hearing began.
Mr J D Rangitauira of Rotorua appeared as Counsel for the claimants and with him Ms A Sykes, also of Rotorua.
The Tribunal head from a number of elders coming from most tribes and districts. They include Rangi Luke-Ngaheke of Waiwhetu, Sir James Henare, Maori Marsden, and Miro Stephens of North Auckland, Wiremu Ohia of Tauranga, Tamati Wharehuia and Bishop Manu Bennett of Rotorua, Monita Delamere of Opotiki, Kapunga Dewes of Te Araroa, Canon Wi Huata of Wairoa, Sonny Waru of Taranaki, and Tipene O'Regan of Te Waipounamu.
Many spoke in a representative capacity on behalf of particular groups including:
W H Waikerepuru for Nga Kaiwhakapumau i te Reo Inc
Mr W Ohia for the New Zealand Maori Council
Dr R Walker for the Auckland District Maori Council
Mr H Hohepa for Te Reo Maori Society, Rotorua
Mr T McDonald and Mr N Healey for Te Reo o Taranaki Topu
Miss P Ruha for the Maori Women's Welfare League
Ms R Evans for the Maori Economic Development Commission
Professor W Winiata for the Raukawa District Council, Raukawa Trustees and Aotearoa Broadcasting Systems Inc
Ms A Collins and Mr P Tremur for Pakehas Against Racism
Mr R Fantl for Environment and Conservation Organisation of NZ Inc
Mr P Winiata for the NZ University Students Assn
Other speakers included:
Mr J Williams, Rev H Henare, Mr N Apanui, Mr K Hamiora, Mr D Mihaka, Mr H Kahu, Mr T Rawiri, Mrs T Rawiri, Mrs P Hond, Mr E F Douglas, Ms S M Williams, Ms M Melhuish, Mr R Nicholson, Mrs H Jackson and Mr L Smith.
Overseas experiences were related by Dr M Chunn and Mr M Keala of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, USA.
Aspects of law and treaty interpretation were discussed by Professor H M Mead, Dr R Benton, Canon M Marsden, Professor B Biggs, Mr M Dawson and Mr T Mataitunga for the International Commission of Jurists and the Rev M Henare.
Amongst those speaking on educational aspects were Dr R Benton, Professor B Biggs, Mr A Reedy, Mr P Temara, Dr P Sharples, Mrs J Mead, Mr T Cairns, Mr M Hollings, Mr P Heremaia, Mr T Roa, Mrs P Luke-Ngaheke, Mrs P Higgins, Mrs C Morgan and Ms C Dewes.
Particular submissions relevant to Health were given by Dr P Ngata (for himself and Dr E Pomare) and Mr P Winiata.
On matters relevant to Broadcasting we heard from the following broadcasters:
Mr D Fox, Mr P Walker, Mr H Williams, Mr M McDonald and Mr P Temara.
Submissions were also made by Professor W Winiata on behalf of Aotearoa Broadcasting Systems Inc.
On State Services we heard from Mr A Robb.
Legal submissions on questions of jurisdiction, on the claimants, behalf, were received from:
Mr J D Rangitauira, Barrister and Solicitor, Rotorua and Mr A Frame, Law Lecturer, Victoria University of Wellington.
Mr W Dewes made submissions for the Department of Maori Affairs and called the Secretary, Dr T Reedy and the Director of Policy Development and Administration, Community Services Division, Mr D T Hauraki.
The Department of Justice was represented by Mr J Duncan with him Mr K Tukukino, who called the Secretary of Justice Mr S J Callaghan.
Speaking for the Education Department were Mr J A Ross, Assistant Director-General, Mr C Bryce, Assistant Secretary for Schools and Development, and Mr W Kaa, Director of Maori and Island Education.
Mr P J Downey and with him Mr G Rowe appeared for the Broadcasting Corporation. Mr Downey called:
Mr H B Rennie, Chairman of the Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand, Miss B Wakem, Director-General of Radio New Zealand and Mr A W Martin, Director-General of Television of New Zealand.
Mr P W Boag, Deputy Chairman, spoke for the State Services Commission together with Mr K Workman and Miss K Pewhairangi of the Commission.
Mr R Smith represented the Defence Department and produced a written submission from the Secretary of Defence Mr D B G McLean.
Mr C Northover appeared for the Commission for the Environment and called Mr K Piddington, Commissioner for the Environment.
For the Department of Health submissions were made by Mr H D Evans, Assistant Secretary Resources and Review and Mr W Potaka.
Written submissions were received without an appearance from:
Dr Williams, senior lecturer in law. The Te Reo Maori O Aotearoa Society, Mr R Reiha, Ms Temara, Mr T K Royal, Te Wananga O Raukawa, Mr R Hamiora.
Expressions of support were received from Nga Puna Waihanga, the New Zealand Maori Artists and Writers Association, Mr H Young, the New Zealand Combined Education Association, and the Tauranga Moana Maori Trust Board.
Objections to the claim were received by letter from Mr Arthur P Richardson, Mr P J H Southern, Mr S S Clifford-Jones and the Buller County Council.
In all the Tribunal received 110 written submissions, several with extensive supplementary material annexed.
We record the considerable assistance and co-operation that we received from all the parties. We express our thanks for the generous hospitality given to us and to all those who attended by the people of Waiwhetu and Te Herenga Waka Marae.
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