Te Paparahi o Te Raki inquiry
Photograph by Richard Moorsom. View of Waitangi.
Taken from Maiki Hill, where Hone Heke felled the
flagpole in 1844-1845.
The Te Paparahi o Te Raki regional inquiry, presided over by Judge Craig Coxhead, currently comprises around 390 claims brought largely by Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Whātua, Ngāti Wai, Ngāti Hine, Patuharakeke, Ngāti Rehua and Ngāti Manuhiri claimants.
The northern boundary of this inquiry runs along the ridge of the Maungataniwha Range, which is also the southern boundary of the Muriwhenua Inquiry. The western boundary runs down the Te Roroa and Kaipara Inquiry districts. The southern boundary runs to the North Shore in Auckland and includes Mahurangi and Gulf Islands. The eastern boundary runs down the east coast and includes some of the outlying islands, such as Rangitoto and Aotea (Great Barrier).
Stage 1 inquiry
The Stage 1 inquiry hearings phase is complete. Hearings began in May 2010 and concluded with closing submissions in February 2011. The Tribunal is currently in the process of writing its inquiry report. This report will respond to the issues posed by the Tribunal, which – uniquely in Tribunal inquiries – focused on Māori and Crown understandings of He Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga/The Declaration of Independence 1835, and Te Tiriti o Waitangi/the Treaty of Waitangi 1840.
Stage 2 inquiry progress
The Stage 2 interlocutory phase leading up to the start of Stage 2 hearings is now complete. This process included filing amended statements of claim, determining the claim issues to be focussed on, and identifying any remaining evidential gaps in the inquiry’s research programme.
Stage 2 hearings have started. Hearing Week 1 runs from 18 to 22 March 2013 at Waitangi. The current timetable for the end of the interlocutory phase and the beginning of the hearing phase can be viewed at the link below.
Te Paparahi o Te Raki timetable (PDF)
The inquiry panel for Stage 1 consisted of Judge Coxhead (presiding), Keita Walker, Kihi Ngatai, Dr Richard Hill, Dr Ranginui Walker, and Joanne Morris. On 29 November 2012, Dr Robyn Anderson (historian) was appointed to the inquiry panel for Stage 2. On 12 March 2013, Dr Ann Parsonson, a present Tribunal member, was appointed a consulting historian member to assist the Te Paparahi o Te Raki panel in Stage 2.
Major issues in the Te Raki Stage 2 inquiry include:
Tino rangatiratanga, kāwanatanga and autonomy: political engagement between Māori and the Crown including the 1860s rūnanga system and the Crown’s relationship with the Kotahitanga movements of the 1880s, 1890s, and the twentieth century
The immediate aftermath of the Treaty of Waitangi (in particular the Old Land Claims process 1841-43, scrip and surplus lands, Crown pre-emption and the Northern War 1844-46)
The operation of the Native Land Court and the alienation of Māori land in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries
The management of Māori land in the twentieth century, including local government and rating, waterways, environmental impacts, and public works takings
Takutai moana/foreshore and seabed
Economic development and socio-economic issues and capability
Te reo Māori, wāhi tapu, taonga, and tikanga; and
Specific local issues including the Port of Whangarei/Northport, Marsden Point Refinery, Hauturu (Little Barrier Island) and Hato Petera College – sale of Crown Grants Lands
Please see the Tribunal’s ‘Statement of Issues’ for Stage 2 (Wai 1040, #1.4.2) for more detail.
A CFRT research programme has produced most of the Stage 2 research. Other reports have also been produced by claimants, the Crown, and the Waitangi Tribunal. A list of these Stage 2 reports can be viewed at the link below.
The Te Raki regional inquiry team can be contacted on:
Barry Rigby (Specialist Adviser), (04) 914-3032, Barry.Rigby@justice.govt.nz
Debbie Martin (Inquiry Facilitator), (04) 914-3038, Debbie.Martin@justice.govt.nz
Danny Merito (Claims Coordinator), (04) 914-3015, Danny.Merito@justice.govt.nz